The Jade Plant is a very popular succulent houseplant with beautiful green oval-shaped leaves with thick woody stems. This is a tree-like succulent that makes a great indoor or outdoor succulent plant for your garden. With proper growth and care, this succulent will live a very very long time and will also grow very large. It can grow up to three and six feet tall indoors or outdoors, but it will grow very slowly, only growing about 2 inches every single year.
Native to South Africa jade plants grow well and adapt to warm dry conditions, but they will need plenty of water to continue to grow healthy and happy. However, too much water will give this plant root rot and might also make it start to fall over. It’s important to not overwater it, but you must make sure to give it plenty of water especially during the spring and summer which is the jade plant's growing season.
The jade plant can be grown indoors or outdoors however, if growing outdoors you must make sure that this succulent is growing in warm weather. It’s not cold hardy, so temperatures under 30 degrees will harm or kill the succulent. Make sure to move this succulent indoors during the cold winter season if it gets under 30 degrees. If you’re in a warm location like California, then this succulent will grow so well and healthy outdoors. They make the most beautiful landscaping decorations and will make your front or back yard look incredible!
Yes, outdoor growing is best for the jade plant, but indoor growing is still amazing and great too! The jade plant is also known as the “money plant” it’s known to bring good luck. Many jade plant growers grow this succulent indoors, especially in their office which brings them good luck. A lot of people gift jade plants because of their good luck charm! If growing indoors you must be careful that this succulent isn’t near pets. This succulent is very toxic and will harm pets if they start eating them.
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JADE PLANT QUICK FACTS:
Botanical Name: Crassula Ovata, Crassula argentea
Common Name: Jade plant, jade succulent, money plant
Plant Type: Succulent, houseplant
Mature Size: 3-6 ft tall, 2-3 ft wide
Hardiness Zones: 11–12 (USDA)
Native Area: South Africa
Sun Exposure: Full sun, partial shade
Soil Type: Fast/well draining
Soil pH: Neutral to acidic
Bloom Time: Fall-Winter
Bloom Color: White
Toxic to pets
Not cold hardy
Can be grown indoors or outdoors
JADE PLANT CARE:
Jade plants are very easy to grow and care for. They are known as the “weeds” of succulents meaning they can literally grow in any conditions of course except freezing temperatures. Proper watering and proper soil play a huge role. Proper sunlight is also very important so this succulent can grow healthy, avoid etiolation, and so it can produce its beautiful bright green colors. It’s also very easy to propagate the jade plant, it just takes some patience and some love and you will produce many other beautiful jade plants for free! This quick care guide we are providing for you is a care guide for both indoor or outdoor growing.
Jade plants need and love full sun, so they can grow healthy, avoid etiolation, and so they can produce their beautiful bright colors. Jade plants should receive at least 6 hours of sunlight every single day, no matter how mature it is. It will also need some partial shade so it can take a break from the sun and avoid sun damage.
If growing indoors then south facing windows are the ideal spot for indoor growing. If your house doesn’t get enough light then you can also invest in the grow lights. Grow lights are very popular and work super well for houses that don’t get enough sunlight.
It’s just very important that you give the jade plant enough sunlight. If it doesn’t receive enough light then it will start to stretch or grow tall, this is known as etiolation. Also if it doesn’t get enough sunlight then the jade plant will start to look pale and won’t produce its beautiful red tips on the edges of its leaves.
SOIL FOR JADE PLANTS
This soil is the most perfect soil for the Jade plant. This succulent soil has 2 of the fastest draining ingredients out there sand and perlite. Sand and perlite will protect your Jade plant from root rot. Root rot is known as the #1 most common reason why a succulent will die and it happens a lot.
This soil will help your Jade plant grow healthy, happy, and of course protect it from root rot which is much needed. This soil is also loaded with 60+ minerals and nutrients from seaweed fertilizer. Your Jade plant will grow bigger, faster, and stronger in this soil because it will be absorbing many nutrients from the seaweed in the soil.
This is amazing soil for your Jade plant and you should definitely consider it when growing this succulent. Your Jade plant will just simply love it and will grow super healthy, faster, bigger, and happier when grown in this soil.
Jade plants will need to be watered 1-2 days a week or when the soil looks or feels very dry. It’s very important that you don’t overwater this succulent, this will allow root rot to occur which will harm your jade plant.
You might have to water the jade plant more often than usual in the spring and summer. This is why you should water the jade plant when the soil looks or feels very dry. Dry soil will appear in the spring and summer, so make sure to keep an eye out on the soil for dryness.
When growing in the fall and winter you don’t need much water. Of course this is for outdoor growing, it will get natural morning mist every single morning during the fall and winter. Cut back on watering if the soil is still wet and feels wet.
Be on the lookout for under watering and overwatering signs and symptoms. Signs of an overwatered jade plant would be mushy and moldy leaves and signs of an under-watered jade plant would be dry/wrinkled leaves.
It’s very important that you also don’t get water on the leaves of the jade plant. This could cause fungus to grow and it could cause a sunburn. If your jade plant is exposed to a good amount of sunlight then it will need more water. If it gets dehydrated then you will start to see large black/brown spots on its leaves.
Jade plants love warm comfortable weather, they grow best at 65 degrees to 75 degrees. They also love a little chill time such as night time weather which gets about 55 degrees in warmer locations such as California.
Jade plants are not cold hardy and will die if grown in frost or freezing temperatures. If the weather gets under 30 degrees in your location then it’s best to move and grow this succulent indoors to avoid death. Once the weather warms back up then go ahead and repot the succulent back outdoors.
Jade plants love fertilizer, it helps them grow faster, stronger, and healthier. The best fertilizer for a jade plant would definitely be seaweed. Seaweed is an organic fertilizer that has 60 trace minerals and nutrients. Seaweed is known to produce faster, bigger, brighter, and healthier succulents.
HOW TO PROPAGATE JADE PLANTS
Jade plants can be propagated by cuttings and leaves, this is the most common propagation for jade plants. It’s very simple and easy to do. You just must make sure that the leaves or cuttings form a callus before starting propagation.
The first step for jade plant propagation would be to cut some cuttings or leaves. You can do this by getting some trimmer or clippers and gently cut some leaves and some stem cuttings on the jade plant. If some leaves have broken or fallen off you can also use those leaves.
Once you cut off the leaves they will need to form a callus before planting them. A callus is probably the most important thing that needs to form before starting propagation. If a callus doesn’t form then it will be very hard to propagate.
Let the leaves or cuttings you cut off sit out for 2-4 days or until a callus forms. Once a callus forms then you can plant the leaves or cuttings in fast/well draining succulent soil. Once you plant the leaves or cuttings water immediately and make sure to water them 2-3 days a week.
Make sure that you are growing them in full shade at first and giving them no sunlight whatsoever. Let them grow in shade and not in sun for a full week, then give them 4-6 hours of full sun every single day. Also some partial shade will be nice as well.
The cuttings or leaves will eventually root, giving opportunity for new jade plants to grow and appear. Continue to water them 2-3 days a week or when the soil looks or feels very dry. Follow our care guide that you have already read to grow healthy and happy jade plants.
REPOTTING JADE PLANTS
You can repot jade plants every two to three years, frequent repotting isn’t necessary and could actually harm a jade plant by making it fall over. Older jade plants can be repotted four to five years or when you feel like it’s necessary.
They don’t have to be repotted as much, but it’s up to you. If you want your jade plant to grow larger then it will need to be repotted in a larger pot. If you like the size of your jade plant then you don’t have to repot it. It’s best to transplant jade plants before the growing season, in the spring would be the best time for this.
Repotting is very easy and simple to do, you just need to pick a perfect size pot and use fast/well draining succulent soil. Just simply take the jade plant out of its old pot and throw the old soil away. Fill up your new pot with fresh new soil but only about a quarter of it full.
Go ahead and place the jade plant in the soil and then add the rest of the soil so the jade plant can stay up straight. Water right away so the soil can get wet and make the jade plant stand up straight by supporting it.
Common pests for a jade plant would be mealybugs. Mealybugs are very common for jade plants and all succulents. You will see mealybugs under the leaves on the plant and they will slowly eat at the leaves making them fall into the soil. To get rid of mealybugs you will need alcohol and cotton balls. All you have to do is damp the cotton balls with alcohol and rub the mealybugs off.
This won’t harm the jade plant at all, it will get rid of the mealybugs completely. However, if the jade plant is just way too infested then you can’t really get rid of the mealybugs. You will have to start fresh and trim some cuttings and replant them. To prevent mealybugs make sure the growth area is clean and no sugar is left behind.
COMMON PROBLEMS WITH JADE PLANTS
Yes, growing the jade plant is very simple and easy to do, but that doesn’t mean it won’t experience some problems. Some of these problems will occur if you are growing the jade plant wrong and not following the steps we listed.
If your jade plant is experiencing yellow leaves then it is most likely overwatered. Your jade plant may have a little bit of root rot, which is causing it to have yellow and mushy leaves. To stop this you must stop watering and give the plant more sun to dry the soil. To prevent yellow leaves use fast/well draining succulent soil and don’t overwater your jade plant.
Loss of Leaves
When your jade plant is losing leaves then that could be a sign of lack of sunlight. Jade plants need 6 hours of sunlight every single day, if it doesn’t get this amount then it will start to lose its leaves. This is a sign that your jade plant isn’t doing well and is most likely sick due to lack of sunlight. Like most succulents, jade plants need full sun to grow healthy and happy.
Dry/wrinkled leaves on a jade plant is a sign of under watering. If your jade plant has dry/wrinkled leaves then it might need to be watered immediately. To make sure it’s under watering, look at the soil and also dig your finger into it. If the soil looks or feels very dry then your jade plant will need water immediately. It has dry/wrinkled leaves because it’s dehydrated and it needs water, so water the plant and make sure to keep a watering schedule so this doesn’t happen again.
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